Sociae Polites <p><img src="" alt=""></p> <p>Jurnal Sociae Polites diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Politik, Universitas Kristen Indonesia (UKI) sejak tahun 1997 yang terdaftar nomor ISSN 1410-3745. Jurnal ini bertujuan untuk memajukan pengetahuan dan menyebarluaskan hasil studi, analisis kritis, dan pemikiran baru yang orisinil dan berkualitas tinggi untuk peneliti, praktisi, akademisi, dan pengambil keputusan dalam memecahkan berbagai dinamika dan kompleksitas masalah sosial dan politik, terkhusus isu-isu seputar politik, sosial, pemerintahan, komunikasi, dan hubungan internasional kontemporer. Penerbitan naskahnya dilakukan dua kali setiap tahun periode bulan Juni dan Desember setelah melalui mekanisme dan proses penelaahan sejawat (peer-review) dari para peninjau berkompeten yang ahli kalangan universitas dan akademis nasional dan internasional. Jurnal Sociae Polites sebagai media ilmu pengetahuan mengundang para peneliti, praktisi,</p> <p>akademisi, dan intelektual tingkat lokal dan asing untuk menyerahkan naskah tulisan kritisnya agar berkontribusi pada pengembangan ilmu sosial dan politik.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Universitas Kristen Indonesia en-US Sociae Polites 1410-3745 QUO VADIS EU ENVIRONMENTAL DIPLOMACY? <p>Environmental issues should be a priority in the study of the current post-modern era of international relations.&nbsp; The after-effects of industrialization and technological progress have a very crucial impact on the global environment.&nbsp; Hence, we begin to examine the contemporary history of the efforts of the European countries as the first spearhead of the industrial revolution in dealing with the environmental crisis. The European Union is experiencing a lot of issues, commonly in the case of Environmental Diplomacy. <em>Quo vadis</em>&nbsp;is a Latin phrase meaning “Where are you going?”. From this term, it will be seen how the problems that occur as well as the future that will be confronted with the aid of the EU. EU used to be in conflict with countless events such as with the United States, China, Indonesia, and even had its very own members, specifically Britain.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords : Environmental Diplomacy, United States, Indonesia, &nbsp;European Union.</p> Ellya Dameria Ivonne Easteria Riyadi Copyright (c) 2020 Sociae Polites 2020-08-08 2020-08-08 21 1 1 10 10.33541/sp.v21i1.1959 THE EUROPEAN UNION, THE UNITED STATES, AND THE GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS (GMOs) <p>Current technological advances have been present in all aspects of human life, including technological advances in biotechnology. Biotechnology not only raises hope for science but also raises heated debates among scientists, especially between the European Union and the US. This debate arises because of differences in perspective between the EU and the US. The EU has stringent rules regarding the development efforts of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). At the same time, the US thinks that GMOs are part of agriculture, so there is no need for any special laws to regulate them. Various side effects also come hand in hand with the birth of GMOs. They are ranging from adverse effects on human health, the health of food products, and even environmental damage. The development of GMOs can damage the ecosystem of species that exist in the environment. Still, more complex problems arise due to GMOs like economic problems and monopolies.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: The &nbsp;GMOs, The EU, The US.</p> Anisa Chelsilya Grace Yohana Mucco Eva Morry Zefanya Nadila Copyright (c) 2020 Sociae Polites 2020-08-08 2020-08-08 21 1 11 20 10.33541/sp.v21i1.1589 THE EUROPEAN UNION, INDONESIA, AND THE RENEWABLE ENERGY DIRECTIVE <p>This research tries to explain how to overcome the problems that occur in the EU (European Union). The concept used is environmental diplomacy. The concept of environmental diplomacy is used to explain the environmental conflict between the EU and Indonesia.</p> <p>Keywords: EU Clean Energy, Diplomacy, Environment<strong><em>.</em></strong></p> Rosario J Taa Karinda Febrinia Jhon Jefri Rumbino Yoel Parakletos Pandiangan Renata Iglesyanna Christy Melvadera Sitompul Copyright (c) 2020 Sociae Polites 2020-08-08 2020-08-08 21 1 21 40 10.33541/sp.v21i1.1587 THE EUROPEAN UNION AND THE PARIS AGREEMENT <p>The Paris Agreement has undoubtedly impacted on other more personal environmental policies in each country worldwide. We are trying to explain the dynamics (changes and debates) that occur in the policy-making process by the actors and stakeholders in the Paris Agreement. For instance, with the Trump dismantling policy to leave the Paris Agreement that we called the free-riding strategy that affects not only the members within the Paris Agreement but also the environmental sector globally. We also contemplate the alternatives way to solve the environmental&nbsp; problem through the Paris Agreement, and a solution to the problem occurs within the members by considering the consequences under international law</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Paris Agreement, Environmental Issue, European Union, President Trump</p> Miranda Natalie Sherene Patricia Sherene Patricia Erlyn Silveria Ellya Dameria Tiolas Sitanggang Valerie Michelle Copyright (c) 2020 Sociae Polites 2020-08-08 2020-08-08 21 1 40 51 10.33541/sp.v21i1.1588 BREXIT IMPACT ON THE EU’S CLIMATE DIPLOMACY <p>European Union is a political and economic union of 27 member states. Britain is one of the leading members of the EU. The UK decided to leave the European Union. The EU struggled with the project that was being worked on called Climate Diplomacy. EU and its member states are part of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The EU has built a significant and potentially a leading position in global governance on climate. Brexit is only one factor that could change the dynamics of its role. In this case, The EU has a negative impact as well as positive impacts due to Brexit. It turns out that the negative implications are more dominant than positive effects. European Union will lose the financial contribution made by the UK to the EU budget.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: European Union, UK, Brexit, Climate Diplomacy.</p> William Sulisyo Hendhia Ivonne Ellica Andhika Raflie Grace Miss Hutabarat Copyright (c) 2020 Sociae Polites 2020-08-08 2020-08-08 21 1 52 61 10.33541/sp.v21i1.1586 THE EUROPEAN UNION, CHINA AND SOLAR PANEL <p>The European Union and China are the two countries that have advantages in each of them. The European Union and China have a dispute regarding renewable energies, namely the problem with solar panels. China's policy of making solar panels prices have low bargaining power makes the European Union unable to accept the policy because it can cause a long trade conflict. The case study in this paper also illustrates that the EU is actively approaching it to overcome environmental challenges in China by involving the European Union in dialogue and negotiation on various issues and providing capacity-building support. China also introduced trade reforms and carbon emissions to environmental decision-making bodies in the European Union, and it was supported by the European Union, including through meetings to determine sustainable policies and development projects on energy and the environment.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>Keywords: EU – China dispute, Environmental Challenges, anti-dumping, China’s policy, World Trade Organization.</p> Adieuva Innocenthia Yosinta Margaretha Febri One Junita Christine Agnes Magdalena Copyright (c) 2020 Sociae Polites 2020-08-08 2020-08-08 21 1 62 72 10.33541/sp.v21i1.1585 INDONESIA ENVIRONMENTAL DIPLOMACY IN PRESIDENT JOKO WIDODO’S ERA (2014-2019) OF THE ISSUE REJECTION INDONESIA’S CPO BY EUROPEAN UNION <p>Environmental diplomacy is one of discipline in International Relations, which combines ecological problems involving other countries and uses negotiation as solutions. The policy of the European Commission through Renewable Energy Directive II for Indonesia put palm oil discriminated among another vegetable oil. This research found that in Joko Widodo’s era, Indonesia has carried out its role as an international agent with some policies related to managing sustainable palm oil. Indonesia also uses bilateral, multilateral, and global approaches, and even the involvement of international organizations as a peaceful way resolving palm oil disputes for the target of Sustainable Development Goals’ through palm oil.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>Keywords: Environmental Diplomacy, Palm Oil, Renewable Energy Directive II, European Union, Export, Rejection</p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Theresia Siahaan Copyright (c) 2020 Sociae Polites 2020-08-08 2020-08-08 21 1 73 94 10.33541/sp.v21i1.1960 CHINESE INVOLVEMENT IN VANUATU AND SOLOMON ISLAND FOREIGN POLICY AGAINST THE PAPUA ISSUE <p>The influence of China in the Pacific region increases due to the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) program that focuses its assistance and soft loans on the development of basic infrastructure and other supporting infrastructure. Increased economic influence has an impact on changes in regional geopolitical maps. China appears to be increasingly dominant in influencing the foreign policy of the region’s countries, including China’s involvement in controlling Vanuatu and Solomon Island’s foreign policy. At present, the issue of Papua is on the main agenda of Vanuatu and Solomon Island’s foreign policy. Significant funds are needed to finance the process of advocating for the issue of Papua in the Pacific region and the international community. One source of funding comes from Chinese aid. This article will review China’s position as a source of the financing for the Papuan separatist movement based in Vanuatu and Solomon Islands, by using a power approach and economic diplomacy.</p> <p>Keywords: China, Belt, and Road Initiative, economic, diplomacy, Power, Vanuatu, Solomon Island, and Internationalization of Papuan Issues.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Marinus Mesak Yanyan Mochamad Yani Windy Dermawan Copyright (c) 2020 Sociae Polites 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 21 1 95 110 10.33541/sp.v20i2.1931