Pro-Life 2020-08-05T04:35:57+00:00 Dr. Marina Silalahi, M.Si Open Journal Systems <p><img src="/public/site/images/marina2609/About.jpg" width="264" height="362"></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Imu Biologi merupakan salah satu ilmu yang terus bertumbuh dan menjadi bagian yang penting dalam kehidupan. Ilmu Biologi mencakup kajian teori, penelitian hingga pendidikan Biologi menjadi cakupan ilmiah yang terus diteliti dan dikaji hingga memperoleh manfaat bagi kehidupan. Program studi pendidikan Biologi FKIP-UKI ingin memberikan wadah bagi para peneliti baik di dunia Ilmu Biologi maupun Pendidikan Biologi untuk mempublikasikan hasil kajiannya. Jurnal ini terbentuk pada tahun 2014 dan menjadi referensi bagi para mahasiswa dan peneliti lain dalam melakukan penelitian. Bidang spesifik yang dicakup dalam Jurnal adalah Pendidikan dan Ilmu Biologi. Cakupan/ fokus masalah yang dicakup dalam Jurnal antara lain Pendidikan, Metode Ajar, Tumbuhan, Hewan dan Lingkungan. Jurnal Pro-Life diterbitkan oleh <strong>Pendidikan Biologi</strong>, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Kristen Indonesia. Jurnal <strong>terbit 3 kali</strong> dalam satu tahun, yaitu pada Bulan November, Maret dan Juli. <strong>Template Pro life</strong> bisa diunduh <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">di sini.</a> Jurnal Pro-life <strong>terakreditasi Sinta 5</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><img src="" alt="" width="300" height="211"></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> RUMPUT KEBAR (Biophytum umbraculum Welw): PEMANFAATANNYA DI INDONESIA, FITOKIMIA, DAN BIOAKTIVITAS 2020-08-04T04:46:47+00:00 Anisatu Z. Wakhidah <p><em>Besides the very high diversity of flowering plants, Indonesia is also overflowing with beneficial plants. The number of Indonesia plant species that used as medicine is the second-highest of all utilization (21%). Kebar grass (Biophytum umbraculum Welw) is one of plant that has been widely used as medicine by the people of Indonesia. The people of </em>Papua<em> uses kebar grass as a women fertility drug for generations. Kebar grass is also reported as medicine for various other uses such as mouthwash for thrush, an antidote for snakebite poisons, and laxatives. Based on this information, documentation is needed regarding the various uses of kebar grass in Indonesia, the phytochemical content, and bioactivity. This research was conducted in the literature study method. The data obtained were analyzed and then presented in tabular form and explained descriptively. The results of the study showed the use of kebar grass in Indonesia, among others, improving fertility, as fodder to multiply livestock, herbal medicines in the form of simplicia products. Kebar grass contains various phytochemicals such as alkaloids, saponins, tannins, phenolics, flavonoids, triterpenoids, steroids, glycosides, vitamin E, vitamin A, 17 amino acids; isoflavones, iron, calcium, and phosphorus. Meanwhile, the bioactivity of chemical compounds contained is antioxidants, anticancer, antifungal, anthelmintic, testosterone activity, estrogenic activity, larvicidal effects, and anticholesterol. With the content of phytochemical compounds and bioactivity, kebar grass can be used as a herbal medicine in overcoming fertility problems and has the potential to be developed as a medicine for intestinal worms, cancer, and diseases related to cholesterol.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong> <em>bioaktivitas, fitokimia, pemanfaatan, reproduksi, Rumput Kebar</em></p> 2020-08-04T04:06:30+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Pro-Life PENGAMATAN AWAL KADAR SENYAWA POLISIKLIK AROMATIK HIDROKARBON (PAH) DALAM SEDIMEN DI DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI BAYEMAN, PROBOLINGGO 2020-08-04T04:46:48+00:00 Edward Edward Dede Falahuddin Khosanah Munawi Deny Yogaswara Ita Wulandari Rosmini R Pasilette Rosmini R Pasilette <p><em>Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are organic compound that are very toxic and persistent environmental contaminants. </em><em>The purpose of this research </em><em>is</em><em> to know the contamination level, concentration, and sources of PAHs compounds in watershed of Bayeman</em><em>. This research were carried out in September</em><em> 2014</em><em>. S</em><em>ediment samples were taken by using sediment sampler at 6 research stations</em><em>. The concentration of PAH were determined</em><em> by using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (</em><em>GC</em><em>-MS</em><em>) and the sources using individual ratio diagnose method. </em><em>The results show </em><em>that the concentration of PAHs in sediment still low and fixed with</em><em> the safe threshold values​​ for aquatic organisms</em><em>. Individual PAH dominated by high molecule weight PAHs. </em><em>The results of </em><em>PAHs </em><em>ratio individual analysis showed that the PAHs sources in sediment derived from a variety of sources such as; </em><em>oil spill,</em> <em>oil </em><em>combustion</em> <em>and combustion of organic materials</em><em>. </em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: Probolinggo, Bayeman Watershed, Water,&nbsp; Sediment, PAHs, Con</em><em>centration</em></p> 2020-08-04T04:14:14+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Pro-Life PEMBENTUKAN TARUK (SHOOT) DAN PEMBUNGAAN KENCUR (Kaempferia galanga L.) 2020-08-04T04:46:48+00:00 Dr. Marina Silalahi, M.Si Yovita Harmijatun <p><em>Research the formation of shoots and inflorescence the Kaempferia galanga carried out. Rhizoma of the K. galanga used to seedling has 2-3 buds for 30 pots with compost media. The data taken is qualitative such as the process of formation shoot and inflorescence. The results that the rhizoma colour affected the shoots, which were light rhizomes forming the green shoots while dark rhizomas formed red shoots. The early formation shoots form a solid cone surrounded by leaf scales. The leaves are shaped like a collar that surrounds the pseudostem and then turns into a tube, then like a funnel. The early the leaves grow in a vertical direction and then slowly in a horizontal direction. Mature leaves are the direction is almost parallel to the ground surface. After forming 2-3 mature leaves, will be forms the inflorescence candidate that risen from the tip of the pseudostem. A week after inflorescence appears, the flower will bloom. The flower blooms perfectly at 06.00-07.00 and after that it will wither. After the flower is 12-24 hours the flower will fall out. Each inflorescence has between 5-9 flowers and blooms every 2-3 days. Although K.&nbsp; galanga produces flowers, no fruit was formed in this study.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong><em>:&nbsp; Kaempferia galanga, shoot, inflorescence</em></p> 2020-08-04T04:17:48+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Pro-Life VALUASI EKONOMI MANGROVE DI DESA KEBUN AYU, KABUPATEN LOMBOK BARAT 2020-08-04T04:46:49+00:00 Siti Dian Rosadi Nisyawati Mufti Petala Patria <p><em>Research has been conducted on the economic valuation of Mangrove ecosystems in Kebun Ayu Village, West Lombok Regency. This study aims to calculate and analyze the economic value of Mangrove ecosystems. The study was conducted by observation and interview methods. Direct Economic value (DUV) is obtained from the direct use of Mangroves with a value of Rp29.474.000</em><em>,00</em><em>/ year. Indirect Economic Value (IDV) of Rp1.161.136.240</em><em>,00</em><em>/years, obtained from the assessment of Mangrove ecosystem services. The Existence Value (EV) is obtained by using the CVM (Contingent Valuation Method) with a value of Rp3.150.000</em><em>,00</em><em>/ year. The value of the Option Value (OV) is obtained from the value of Mangrove biodiversity with a value of Rp3.150.000</em><em>,00</em><em>/ year. Total Economic Value (TEV) of Mangrove ecosystems in Kebun Ayu Village is Rp1.196.910.240</em><em>,00</em><em>/years.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: Kebun Ayu, Mangrove, Lombok, Economic valuation</em></p> 2020-08-04T04:23:10+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Pro-Life ULASAN : POLITIK SIMBIOSIS FUNGI DAN TUMBUHAN 2020-08-05T04:14:57+00:00 Ivan Permana Putra <p>Many mycologist believed that the successful history of plant invasion to the land was the result of co-evolutionary interaction between plant and fungi. The colonization of land by plants mainly depend on the fundamental biological evolution, among which was the symbiosis with fungi to enhance water and nutrient uptake. Untill today, most plants hold in symbioses with endophytic and mycorrhizal fungi in environment, and the consequences for plants vary broadly from mutualism to parasitism (plant fungal pathogen). Recently, scientist proved that some of those type of interactions poses dynamic situation which involving the agreement betwen host and its mycobion partner. Interestingly, the switching mechanism of the life style of the fungus from one state (mutualistic) to another( parasitic) and vice versa is potentially emerge. This review will highlight both the initial symbiosis process between plant and fungi, and how they maintain it.<br>Keywords: Fungi, plant, symbiosis, maintenance</p> 2020-08-05T04:14:57+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Pro-Life POTENSI REGENERASI SEL SERTOLI DAN SEL LEYDIG TIKUS (Rattus norvegicus) MODEL DIABETES PASCA PEMBERIAN EKSTRAK ETANOL KULIT BUAH JENGKOL (Archidendron pauciflorum) 2020-08-05T04:20:55+00:00 Desak Made Malini Nining Ratningsih Nurullia Fitriani Dwi Rahmi <p>Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease that causes disruption of spermatogenesis due to decreased numbers of Sertoli cells and Leydig cells. The aim of this study was to determine the potency of ethanol extract of Jengkol fruit peel (JFPEE) on increasing the regeneration of Leydig cells and Sertoli cells in diabetic rat models. This type of research is experimental research using a completely randomized design (CRD)with 5 treatments and 5 replications. Treatment was given orally for 54 consecutive days consisting of negative control (NC), positive control (PC), comparison (Glibenclamide dose 10 mg/kg BW), P1 and P2 (JFPEE dose 385 and 770 mg/kg BW). Diabetic induction was performed with streptozotocin dose 65 mg/kg BW in male Wistar rat except for NC group. The parameters observed were the number of Sertoli cells and Leydig cells in 25 seminiferous tubules.The results of histological structured showed that the highest number of Sertoly cells and Leydig cells were obtained in group P2 (4.40±0.55; 9.80±0.84) and it was not significantly different from the NC group (5.00±1.41; 12.20±2.77). It can be concluded that 770 mg/kg BW was the effective dose of JFPEE that can increase the regeneration of Sertoli cells and Leydig cells in diabetic rat models.<br>Keywords: Jengkol Fruit Peel Ethanol Extract, Leydig Cells, Regeneration, Sertoli Cells.</p> 2020-08-05T04:20:54+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Pro-Life PELAYANAN KESEHATAN BERBASIS KEKERABATAN DI KAMPUNG PALINTANG, CIPANJALU, BANDUNG, JAWA BARAT 2020-08-05T04:28:55+00:00 Mahesa Elgasani Budiawati S. Iskandar Johan Iskandar <p>In general, local community both in villages and cities in Indonesia has still maintiended trust to the traditional birth attendants (‘paraji’), even though primary health services by midwives (‘bidan’) at the Puskesmas are available. This study aims to elucidate how the kinship of the ‘paraji’ as health servants and serving health assistance, as well as its interactions with the people of Palintang, Bandung, West Java. The method used in this study was qualitative with ethnographic methods. Some primary data collection techniques in the field, including observation and semi-structured interviews or deep interviews with competent informants were employed in this study. The results of study showed that the kinship of ‘paraji’, as a health servant in Palintang, had a very close relationship with the community. For example, there is a popular term called as ‘ngangken’ son which means to be considerd as child, but not biological child and child from marriage but the term children to ‘paraji’, and ‘paraji’ to children who have been helped in the process of giving birth by these ‘paraji’. The process of becoming a son starts from a 4-month-old child in the womb until marhaba’an is complete. Meanwhile, the process of a child becoming a ‘ngangken’ son will be end when a child dies. But until whenever the services of the ‘paraji’ to the family and child will continue to be remembered by children and families who have been helped by the ‘paraji’ in Palintang.<br>Keywords: Midwife, Kinship, ‘Paraji’, Health Service, Palintang</p> 2020-08-05T04:28:54+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Pro-Life UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIDIABETES CUKA KULIT NANAS (Ananas comosus L. Merr.) PADA TIKUS PUTIH (Rattus norvegicus) JANTAN GALUR WISTAR YANG DIINDUKSI ALOKSAN 2020-08-05T04:35:57+00:00 Mohammad Affan Dwica Putra Siti Nur Jannah Agung Janika Sitasiwi <p>Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by increased levels of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia). The increasing number of diabetics in the world encourages the discovery of certain drugs that are effective and relatively safe for managing diabetes. One alternative medicine that can be used is vinegar. Pineapple skin can be an alternative raw material for making vinegar because it contains a large amount of sugar and contains acetic acid and various secondary metabolites that can reduce blood glucose levels. The purpose of this study was to determine whether pineapple skin vinegar has antidiabetic activity. The test was carried out by dividing each of the 4 rats into six groups namely normal control, positive control, negative control, and three test groups that were given pineapple skin vinegar as much as 0.2, 0.4, and 0.8 cc. The treatment was carried out for 28 days, starting 4 days after induction of an alloxan dose of 150 mg / kg body weight. Measurement of blood glucose and body weight of rats were carried out before induction, after induction, and on the 7th, 14th, 21st, and 28th day, while the measurement of feed consumption was carried out every day starting from the day of pineapple skin vinegar administration. The results of the analysis showed that the administration of pineapple skin vinegar by 0.4 cc with acetic acid levels of 1.43% can reduce blood glucose levels most significantly that is 41.63%.<br>Keywords: vinegar, pineapple skin, acetic acid, antidiabetic</p> 2020-08-05T04:35:57+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Pro-Life