Kandidat Perempuan dan Tantangan Politik Patronase pada Pemilu Legislatif 2019 di Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur
Abstract: This Article describes about hard efforts of woman candidates for winning the 2019 legislative elections in East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Patronage is the main obstacle for woman. Patronage is the chief mechanism that legislative candidates used to appeal to voters. Many scholars and observers are still focused on money politics, patronage, and clientelism are being dominated in electoral life of Indonesia. My findings confirmed that political experience and list position supported for woman at their campaign. But that are not enough. A Lot of money must be needed for taking campaign tools, operational cost, patronaging and protecting the votes from manipulation. Patronage demands gave them dilemma situation. The consequences, they do not to highlight woman issues for getting votes. The voters mostly like money, goods and material helps from candidates. Woman candidates obviously need funds, personal network, and patronage that mostly dominated by men. Without these, totally difficult by woman for winning the competition.
Key words: Legislative Eletions, Woman Candidate, Patronage, NTT-Indonesia